Further art discussions and notifications for the artwork of Sam Thorp
Notes on Teaching for learning _ Myrontt Dembo
1st determine what students know and don’t know. What are realistic expectations?
Learn to organize ideas & deal with dynamics of 30 or so students. Listen and anticipate questions.when do students need variety ans when have they had enough?
Convergent thinking produces a well determined answer to a routine problem.
Divergent thinking generates new ideas and solutions that do not have a correct answer.
a. fluency-large quanity of ideas words and expressing
b. flexibility variety of ideas & new ways of dealing with situations
c. originality- uncommon, clever, novel ideas and images
d. elaboration packing detail into the response
imitating the teacher is the most common method of learning. students pay close attention to what the teachers preaches and what they practice, what they demand and what they allow. Teacher’s expectations = self fulfilling prophecies
how to enhance creative behavior:
1. treat questions with respect. Use poor questions to teach how to ask good ones. Help student to find answers
2. treat imaginative ideas with respect. Show how to test ideas for reasonableness against what they already know.
3. Ideas have value.
4. Occasionally do things for practice w/o threat of evaluations
5. Te in evaluation wit causes and consequences. “this could be made better by….”
Do not compare students.
Performance objectives= precise statement of what th student will be able to do as a result of this instruction.
1. define & state behavior to be changed. Do not generalize
2. note frequency of behavior
3. arrange the learning so desirable behavior will occur
4. ID potential reinforcers
5. Shape and reinfrce desired behavior
6. Maintain records
The trouble some child may be telling us there is something wrong with the way we are educating him
Students must enter the arena of the unknown in order to learn
Shading enables us to make things look 3-d
Light falling on forms create lights and darks in a logical way. Shadows are logically formed where light is blocked
Tonal differences are called values. Complete value scales go from pure white to pure black with thousands of minute gradations in between.
4 aspect of light/ shadows
1. highlight- brightest light source falls on object
2. cast shadows- darkest shadows caused by objects blocking light source
3. reflected light- a dim light bounced back onto the object
4. crest shadows – lies on a crest between highlight and reflected light
recognize shapes of lighted areas & shadows. No matter how your style evolves you will always be using edges, spaces, relationships and shadows. Squinting helps.
Cross hatching- laying down carpet of strokes. Parallel lies change angle set down new set of lines. Thickness, intervals, layers
Continuous tone- pencil is applied in short overlapping movements or in elliptical movements.